Your camera’s scene modes are designed to get you and running with your camera in double-quick time, without you having to worry about technicalities such as exposure, white balance, and flash. As long as you know what it is that you’re photographing, then the camera will do the rest, setting aperture and shutter speed, along with other parameters such as color, contrast, and even the level of in-camera sharpening. All you need to do is frame the shot and press the shutter release.
Type of scene modes

When the camera is set in Portrait mode, it automatically chooses a wide aperture (like ƒ/2 or ƒ/2.8) to create a shallow depth of that field. This helps to clear your vision of your subject, visually separating him or her from the background. The closer you get to your subject, the more noticeable the effect will be, need to stand just a few feet from your subject and fill the frame with his or her head and shoulders.
To strengthen the effect, make your lens to a longer telephoto setting and focus on the background, choosing something simple as a backdrop to minimize distractions. Some cameras also use face-detection focusing in Portrait mode and enable the red-eye-reducing fill-flash.
•Wide aperture
•Automatic flash
•Neutral color

This scene mode is good for photographing for large groups, wide scenes, and naturally, landscapes.

The best thing about this mode that you can photograph a wider view is that you will usually have a wide depth of field. This will help to make the more parts of the scene, whether close or far away will be pretty much in focus.
•Small aperture
•Vibrant color
•Flash off

When using the night mode, the shutter will stay open a little longer than so that the flash will fire. Since the shutter is open for a longer time period, more light from the background area will be absorbed by the camera lens and more background detail will be recorded.

The night scene mode will be useful while taking a picture of a person or group at night and you don’t want the background to be extremely underexposed. The flash should properly see the subject(s) that are closer to the camera.

Sports mode is built for capturing fast action. The camera will select its fastest available shutter speed and may increase the ISO to accomplish the subject. The aperture is likely to open up and will create a shallower depth of field, which become an issue with a fast-moving subject.
Because of the high shutter speed, there is no use of flash, and if it has the capability, it will utilize continuous focus-tracking and high-speed shooting so you can fire off several frames in a row.
The best way to photograph a fast-moving subject (like a runner or a cyclist) is to sidle the camera with the motion as the subject crosses the frame. If you like to minimize the speed of that movement, position yourself so the action is moving toward the camera or away from it, rather than laterally across the scene.
•Fast shutter speed
•Continuous autofocus
•Flash off

The Macro mode is used for shooting small subjects (like insects and flowers) or for close-up details. On some point, where shoot cameras with motorized zooms, this mode will spur the camera to automatically choose the focal length at which it can focus closest.
•Small aperture
•Neutral color
•Automatic flash

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